Google Patent | Near-Eye Display With Frame Rendering Based on Reflected Wavefront Analysis for Eye Characterization

Patent: Near-Eye Display With Frame Rendering Based on Reflected Wavefront Analysis for Eye Characterization

Publication Number: 20180366045

Publication Date: 2018-12-20

Applicants: Google


A near-eye display system includes an array of lenslets overlying a display panel. The display panel includes an array of light projecting elements, each light projecting element being coaxial with an axis of a corresponding lenslet. The display panel further includes an array of light detecting elements and an array of sub-pixel elements. The system further includes a control component configured to activate the array of light projecting elements to project a pattern of light spots toward an eye of the user and to control the array of light detecting elements to capture an image representing a reflection of the projected pattern of light spots from the eye. The system also includes an analysis component to determine displacements between expected positions and actual positions of at least a subset of light spots in the captured image, and to characterize the eye based on the displacements.


Head-mounted displays (HMDs) and other near-eye display systems can utilize a near-eye lightfield display or other computational display to provide effective display of three-dimensional (3D) graphics. Generally, the near-eye lightfield display employs one or more display panels and an array of lenslets, pinholes, or other optic features that overlie the one or more display panels. A rendering system renders an array of elemental images, with each elemental image representing an image or view of an object or scene from a corresponding perspective or virtual camera position.

Generally, each array of elemental images is rendered with reference to a particular focal plane, and is rendered based on an assumption that the user’s eye is free of substantial aberrations. However, if the user’s eye is subject to refractive errors or other aberrations, the displayed imagery may appear blurry or distorted. To avoid such issues, the near-eye display device could be designed to permit the user to wear corrective eyeglasses, but the resulting form factor typically is impracticable for weight, inertial, and size reasons. Similarly, if the current accommodation state of the user’s eye is not consistent with the focal plane for which the array of elemental images is rendered results in inconsistent depth cues that can result in cognitive fatigue for the user and thus detract from the user’s experience.