Apple Patent | Head-Mounted Display Apparatus For Retaining A Portable Electronic Device With Display

Patent: Head-Mounted Display Apparatus For Retaining A Portable Electronic Device With Display

Publication Number: 20200195766

Publication Date: 20200618

Applicants: Apple

Abstract

Head-mounted display systems and methods of operation that allow users to couple and decouple a portable electronic device such as a handheld portable electronic device with a separate head-mounted device (e.g., temporarily integrates the separate devices into a single unit) are disclosed. The portable electronic may be physically coupled to the head-mounted device such that the portable electronic device can be worn on the user’s head. The portable electronic device may be operatively coupled to the head-mounted device such that the portable electronic device and head mounted device can communicate and operate with one another. Each device may be allowed to extend its features and/or services to the other device for the purpose of enhancing, increasing and/or eliminating redundant functions between the head-mounted device and the portable electronic device.

[0001] This application is a continuation of patent application Ser. No. 16/430,320, filed Jun. 3, 2019, which is a continuation of patent application Ser. No. 16/418,906, filed May 21, 2019, which is a continuation of patent application Ser. No. 16/213,728, filed Dec. 7, 2018, which is a continuation of patent application Ser. No. 15/819,593, filed Nov. 21, 2017, which is a continuation of patent application Ser. No. 15/814,195, filed Nov. 15, 2017, which is a continuation of patent application Ser. No. 15/684,754, filed Aug. 23, 2017, which is a continuation of patent application Ser. No. 15/451,230, filed Mar. 6, 2017, which is a continuation of patent application Ser. No. 15/274,901, filed Sep. 23, 2016, which is a continuation of patent application Ser. No. 15/246,340, filed Aug. 24, 2016, which is a continuation of patent application Ser. No. 15/215,122, filed Jul. 20, 2016, which is a continuation of patent application Ser. No. 14/862,036, filed Sep. 22, 2015, which is a division of patent application Ser. No. 14/604,059, filed Jan. 23, 2015, which is a continuation of patent application Ser. No. 12/242,911, filed Sep. 30, 2008, which are hereby incorporated by reference herein in their entireties. This application claims the benefit of and claims priority to patent application Ser. No. 16/430,320, filed Jun. 3, 2019, patent application Ser. No. 16/418,906, filed May 21, 2019, patent application Ser. No. 16/213,728, filed Dec. 7, 2018, Patent application Ser. No. 15/819,593, filed Nov. 21, 2017, patent application Ser. No. 15/814,195, filed Nov. 15, 2017, patent application Ser. No. 15/684,754, filed Aug. 23, 2017, Patent application Ser. No. 15/451,230, filed Mar. 6, 2017, patent application Ser. No. 15/274,901, filed Sep. 23, 2016, patent application Ser. No. 15/246,340, filed Aug. 24, 2016, Patent application Ser. No. 15/215,122, filed Jul. 20, 2016, patent application Ser. No. 14/862,036, filed Sep. 22, 2015, patent application Ser. No. 14/604,059, filed Jan. 23, 2015, and patent application Ser. No. 12/242,911, filed Sep. 30, 2008.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

[0002] This invention is directed to a head-mounted device constructed to receive a portable electronic device having a screen.

[0003] Using head-mounted devices, a user may view media provided by a portable electronic device. For example, a user may couple a personal electronic device,

such as the iPod.TM. available from Apple Inc. of Cupertino, Calif., or the iPhone.TM. also available from Apple Inc. of Cupertino, Calif., to the head-mounted device via a cable or wire. Such a configuration can allow the user to view media on a private display, while the media is provided by a personal handheld device.

[0004] Sometimes, however,* a wired connection may be inconvenient and cumbersome for the user in certain situations*

[0005] (e.g., the user must separately hold multiple devices and deal with cables).

[0006] In addition to being unwieldy, the coupled system often utilizes redundant features,* which are not*

necessary when using the devices together. By way of example, each device utilizes a display screen, which adds cost, size, weight, and complexity to the entire system.

[0007] Accordingly, there is a need for an improved head-mounted display system, particularly a system that temporarily integrates or merges both mechanically and electronically a head-mounted device with a portable electronic device.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

[0008] In accordance with the invention, a head-mounted display system and method of operation are provided in which the system can allow users to couple and decouple a portable electronic device with a head-mounted device. The portable electronic device may for example be physically and/or operatively coupled and decoupled with the head-mounted device. In some embodiments, the two devices may be considered temporarily integrated.

[0009] In accordance with one embodiment of the invention, there is provided a head-mounted device that is worn on a user’s head. The head-mounted device may include a frame that is configured to physically receive and carry a portable electronic device. The frame may place a display screen of the portable electronic device in front of the user’s eyes. The display screen of the portable electronic device may act as the primary display screen of the head-mounted device such that the display screen of the portable electronic device is primarily used to view image based content when the head-mounted display device is worn on the user’s head.

[0010] In accordance with another embodiment of the invention, there is provided a method of controlling a portable electronic device having a screen capable of presenting image based content, wherein the portable electronic device presents the image based content in a normal viewing mode that substantially fills the screen during normal use of the portable electronic device. The method may include detecting a connection with a head-mounted device that is capable of being worn on a user’s head, wherein the connection indicates that the portable electronic device is operatively coupled and physically carried by the head-mounted device. The method may also include switching to a head-mounted mode on the screen of the portable electronic device.

[0011] In accordance with yet another embodiment of the invention, there is provided a method for displaying image based content on a head-mounted device. The method may include coupling a portable electronic device to the head-mounted device such that a screen of the portable electronic device faces a user. The method may also include providing an instruction to play back image based content stored on the portable electronic device, wherein the image based content is displayed on the screen of the portable electronic device. The method may also include adjusting the image based content displayed on the screen for close up viewing.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0012] The above and other features of the present invention, its nature and various advantages will be more apparent upon consideration of the following detailed description, taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings in which:

[0013] FIG. 1 shows a simplified diagram of a head-mounted display system in accordance with embodiments of the invention;

[0014] FIGS. 2A and 2B show simplified schematic diagrams of a head-mounted display system in accordance with embodiments of the invention;

[0015] FIGS. 3A-3C show perspective views of a head-mounted device in accordance with embodiments of the invention;

[0016] FIG. 4 shows an alternative configuration of a head-mounted device in accordance with embodiments of the invention;

[0017] FIG. 5 shows a configuration for sliding a portable electronic device into a head-mounted device in accordance with embodiments of the invention;

[0018] FIGS. 6A and 6B show top views of two exemplary head-mounted display systems in accordance with embodiments of the invention;

[0019] FIG. 7 shows a side view of a head-mounted device coupled to a portable electronic device in accordance with embodiments of the invention;

[0020] FIGS. 8A-8D show illustrative features for exemplary head-mounted devices in accordance with embodiments of the invention;

[0021] FIGS. 9A-9C show a head-mounted device in accordance with embodiments of the invention;

[0022] FIGS. 10A and 10B shows an exemplary portable electronic device in accordance with embodiments of the invention;

[0023] FIGS. 11A-11F show several examples of creating image frames within a display screen in a head-mounted display system in accordance with embodiments of the invention;

[0024] FIGS. 12A-12C show some exemplary display configurations for a head-mounted display system when displaying external and stored image based content in accordance with embodiments of the invention;

[0025] FIG. 13 shows a simplified block diagram of an illustrative head-mounted display system in accordance with embodiments of the invention;

[0026] FIG. 14 shows a flowchart of an illustrative process for displaying image based content on a portable electronic device in accordance with embodiments of the invention;

[0027] FIG. 15 shows a flowchart of an illustrative process for adjusting image based content displayed on a portable electronic device in accordance with embodiments of the invention;

[0028] FIG. 16 shows a flowchart of an illustrative process for displaying image based content on a head-mounted device in accordance with embodiments of the invention;

[0029] FIGS. 17A and 17B show flowcharts of an illustrative process for displaying external image based content in accordance with embodiments of the invention;

[0030] FIG. 18 shows a process for displaying images in a head-mounted display apparatus to a user in accordance with embodiments of the invention;

[0031] FIG. 19 shows a process for displaying images in a head-mounted display apparatus to a user in accordance with embodiments of the invention;

[0032] FIG. 20 shows a process for displaying images on a screen of a portable electronic device in accordance with embodiments of the invention;* and*

[0033] FIG. 21 shows a process for displaying one or more image frames on a screen of a portable electronic device coupled to a head-mounted display apparatus in accordance with embodiments of the invention.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

[0034] This invention generally pertains to head-mounted display systems and methods of operation that allow users to couple and decouple a portable electronic device such as a handheld portable electronic device with a separate head-mounted device (e.g., temporarily integrates the separate devices into a single unit). The head-mountable device may be configured to be worn on a user’s head. The portable electronic device, on the other hand, may be configured to provide specific features/applications for use by a user. Examples of portable electronic devices include media devices, personal digital assistants (“PDAs”), telephones, and the like.

[0035] One aspect of the invention relates to physically coupling (e.g., mechanically) the portable electronic device to the head-mounted device such that the portable electronic device can be worn on the user’s head. In some embodiments, the head-mounted device may include a support structure that supports, secures, and carries the portable electronic device (e.g., physically integrated as a single unit). The support structure may also help place a display of the portable electronic device relative to a user’s eyes when the integrated system is worn on the user’s head. In one example, the support structure helps define a docking area for receiving and retaining the portable electronic device.

[0036] Another aspect of the invention relates to operatively coupling (e.g., electronically) the portable electronic device to the head-mounted device such that the portable electronic device and head mounted device can communicate and operate with one another. The head mounted device may include, for example, interface mechanisms that enable communication and operatibility between the portable electronic device and the head-mounted device. The interface mechanisms may, for example, include electrical mechanisms such as connectors or chips that provide wired or wireless communications. In some embodiments, the head-mounted device may include a connector that receives a corresponding connector of the portable electronic device. The connector may, for example, be located within a docking area of the head mounted device such that the portable electronic device operatively connects when the portable electronic device is placed within the docking area. The interface mechanisms may also include optical interface mechanisms, such as lenses, etc., that provide optical communications for proper viewing of a display of the portable electronic device.

[0037] Another aspect of the invention relates to allowing each device to extend its features and/or services to the other device for the purpose of enhancing, increasing and/or eliminating redundant functions between the head-mounted device and the portable electronic device physically and/or operatively coupled thereto. In some embodiments, the head mounted device utilizes components of the portable electronic device while in other embodiments, the portable electronic device utilizes components of the head mounted device. In one example, the head-mounted device utilizes the display of the portable electronic device as the primary display for displaying media (e.g., image based content). That is, the head-mounted device does not include a main viewing display screen and instead utilizes the screen of the portable electronic device to act as the main or primary display when the portable electronic device is coupled thereto.

[0038] Embodiments of the invention are discussed below with reference to FIGS. 1-21. However, those skilled in the art will readily appreciate that the detailed description given herein with respect to these figures is for explanatory purposes, as the invention extends beyond these limited embodiments.

[0039] FIG. 1 shows a simplified diagram of a head-mounted display system 100, in accordance with one embodiment of the present invention. The head-mounted display system 100 can include head-mounted device 102 and portable electronic device 104 that are separate devices which can be temporarily coupled together to form an integrated unit, which can be worn on a user’s head.

[0040] Portable electronic device 104 may be widely varied. For example, portable electronic device 104 may be configured to provide specific features and/or applications for use by a user. Portable electronic device 104 may be a light weight and small form factor device so that it can easily be supported on a user’s head. In most embodiments, the portable electronic device includes a display 106 for viewing image based content.

[0041] In one embodiment of the present invention, portable electronic device 104 may be a handheld electronic device such as a portable media player, cellular telephone, internet-capable device, a personal digital assistant (“PDA”), any other portable electronic device, or any combination thereof. In another embodiment of the present invention, portable electronic device 104 can be a device that has the combined functionalities of a portable media player and a cellular telephone, such as an iPhone.TM. sold by Apple Inc. of Cupertino, Calif. In yet another embodiment of the present invention, the portable electronic device 104 can be a dedicated media player such as an iPod.TM. sold by Apple Inc. of Cupertino, Calif. Examples of iPods.TM. may include Touch.TM., Nano.TM., Classic.TM., and the like.

[0042] Head-mounted device 102 may be configured to be worn on a user’s head. The head-mounted device 102 may be configured to receive and carry portable electronic device 104 in order to create head-mounted display system 100. In some embodiments, head-mounted device 102 may include a frame or carrier 108 that supports and holds the portable electronic device 104 thereby allowing portable electronic device 104 to be worn on a user’s head (e.g., glasses/goggles form factor). As should be appreciated, because portable electronic device 104 can be carried by head-mounted device 102, the user can relax while viewing image based content on the head-mounted device because he does not have to hold onto the portable electronic device.

[0043] The frame or carrier 108 may for example be configured to be situated in front of a user’s face. As a result, screen 106 of the portable electronic device 104 may be oriented towards the user’s eyes when head-mounted display system 100 (the head-mounted device 102 including the portable electronic device 104) is worn on the user’s head. In one embodiment, the head-mounted device 102 may not include a main viewing display but may rather rely on screen 106 as the primary display and/or the only display of system 100. A primary display may be the primary component used for displaying image based content (e.g., media such as movies, TV shows, and graphical user interfaces associated with various software applications) when the system is worn on the user’s head. By using such a configuration, head-mounted display system 100 may reduce redundancies, which can add cost, weight and complexity to the system.

[0044] The frame or carrier 108 may define or include a docking area 110 for receiving and retaining the portable electronic device 104. The docking area 110 may be widely varied. The docking area 110 define an area into which a portion or the entire portable electronic device 104 may be placed. The docking area 110 may also include one or more retention features for holding and securing the portable electronic device within the docking area. The docking area may be defined by walls that surround some portion of the portable electronic device (e.g., exterior surfaces). The retention features may for example include rails, channels, snaps, detents, latches, catches, magnets, friction couplings, doors, locks, flexures, and the like.

[0045] In one embodiment, the system 100 may include a detection mechanism 116a and/or 116b that provides inputs to the portable electronic device when it is carried by the head mounted device so that the portable electronic device is configured for head-mounted use. By way of example, the detection mechanism 116 may be an electrical connection, a sensor such as a proximity sensor or infrared (“IR”) detector and/or the like. In one example, once the portable electronic device is placed relative to the head mounted device, the portable electronic device goes into a head mounted mode (i.e., configures the display screen for HMD viewing).

[0046] The head-mounted display system 100 can include a communication interface that provides data and/or power communications between the portable electronic device 104 and the head-mounted device 102. The communication interface may be wired or wireless. In some embodiments, the head mounted device 102 may include a connector 118a that mates with a corresponding connector 118b of the portable electronic device when the portable electronic device is placed within the docking area 110.

[0047] The protocol under which the devices 102 and 104 communicate via the communication interface may be widely varied. By way of example, the communication protocol may be a master/slave communication protocol, server/client communication protocol, peer/peer communication protocol, and the like. Using a master/slave communication protocol, one of the devices is a master and the other is a slave. The master controls the slave. Using a client/server communication protocol, a server program responds to requests from a client program. The server program may operate on the portable electronic device or the head mounted device. Using a peer to peer communication protocol either of the two devices can initiate a communication session.

[0048] Generally, the communication session begins when the two devices are coupled together and powered up. In some cases, the devices may go immediately into a HMD mode when connected. For example, based on a default settings, the portable electronic device may be configured for close up head mounted viewing (either directly or via instructions from the head mounted device 102). Further, input devices, output devices, sensors, and other electrical systems on both devices may be activated or deactivated based on the default settings. Alternatively, the user may be prompted with a control menu for setting up the system when they are operatively coupled together via the communication interface 107.

[0049] Head-mounted display system 100 can include a variety of features, which can be provided by one or both devices of the system when they are connected and in communications with one another. For example, each device may include one or more of the following components: processors, display screen, controls (e.g., buttons, switches, touch pads, and/or screens), camera, receiver, antenna, microphone, speaker, batteries, optical subassembly, sensors, memory, communication systems, input/output (“I/O”) systems, connectivity systems, cooling systems, connectors, and/or the like. If activated, these components may be configured to work together or separately depending on the needs of the system. In some cases, features may be turned off entirely if not needed by the system.

[0050] In some embodiments, the head-mounted device 102 may provide additional features for the head-mounted display system 100. In one example, the head-mounted device 102 can provide additional functionality to the portable electronic device 104. For instance, the head-mounted device 102 may include buttons, switches, dials, touch devices, or any other suitable controls. These controls may match or mimic the controls found on the portable electronic device. In addition, the head-mounted device 102 can include a battery to extend the life of the portable electronic device 104. Furthermore, the head-mounted device 102 can include a cooling system for cooling down the portable electronic device 104. Moreover, the head-mounted-device 102 can include memory, for example, to store image based content, which can be displayed on the screen 106 of the portable electronic device 104. Persons skilled in the art will appreciate that any other suitable functionality may be extended including additional circuitry, processors, input/output, optics, and/or the like.

[0051] In some embodiments, the system including one or both of the head-mounted device 102 and the portable electronic device can include sensors to detect various signals. For example, accelerometers on the head-mounted device and/or the portable electronic device can be used to detect the user’s head movements. In this example, the head-mounted device 102 can associate a particular head movement with a command for controlling an operation of the head-mounted display system 100. As yet another example, the head-mounted system 100 can utilize a proximity sensor on one or both of the head mounted device and portable electronic device to detect and identify the relationship between the two devices or to detect and identify things in the outside environment. As yet another example, the head-mounted system 100 can utilize a microphone on one or both of the head mounted device and portable electronic device to detect and identify voice commands that can be used to control the portable electronic device 104. As yet another example, the head-mounted system 100 can utilize a camera on one or both of the head mounted device and portable electronic device to capture images and/or video. The image based content may for example be viewed on the display of the head mounted display system. In one embodiment, the image based content may be viewed in addition or alternatively to image based media content playing on the display. In one example, the captured content may be viewed in a picture in picture window along with the media based content.

[0052] While the two devices 102 and 104 may provide redundant features to the system 100, in one embodiment, at least some of the redundancies are reduced or eliminated. For example, if the portable electronic device includes a camera then the head mounted device may not. Additionally or alternatively, if the portable electronic device does not include a microphone then the head mounted device may include one. As should be appreciated, this may reduce cost and complexity of the system 100. It may also keep the form factor of both devices 102 and 104 small and lightweight. In addition, it can extend the functionalities of each device.

[0053] In some embodiments, the head-mounted device 102 may not include a primary display but rather rely on a screen 106 of the portable electronic device 104 as the primary display and/or the only display of the system 100. A primary display may, for example, be the primary component used for viewing image based content when the system is worn on the user’s head. Image based content may for example include but not limited to media such as movies, TV shows, and graphical user interfaces associated with various software applications.

[0054] In accordance with one embodiment, when the portable electronic device 104 is used in the head mounted device 102, the size and possibly the resolution of the image based content being displayed on the screen 106 may be adjusted for close up viewing (e.g., via the detection mechanism or the connection interface). For example, the image based content may be displayed in a viewing region that is configured smaller than the actual screen size (e.g., due to how close it is placed to the user’s eyes) and/or the resolution may be increased/decreased relative to normal portable electronic device viewing to provide the best close up viewing experience. In one implementation, the viewing region is configured to fill the entire field of view of the user. In another implementation, the viewing region is configured to be less than the field of view of the user.

[0055] In one embodiment, the displayed content may be split into multiple images frames. For example, the displayed content may be split into two image frames (e.g., a left and right image frame for the left and right eye of the user). With two image frames, the system can perform stereoscopic imaging. Stereoscopic imaging attempts to create depth to the images by simulating the angular difference between the images viewed by each eye when looking at an object, due to the different positions of the eyes. This angular difference is one of the key parameters the human brain uses in processing images to create depth perception or distance in human vision. In one example, a single source image, which can be provided by the HMD, PED or external medium, is processed (e.g., either by the HMD or PED) to generate left image data and right image data for viewing. This can be accomplished by the portable electronic device and/or the head mounted device depending on the needs of the system.

[0056] The image frame(s) can also have different aspect ratios depending on the primary application of the displayed content. For example, an aspect ratio of 4.times.3 (i.e., similar to a television screen) may be used for television programs, whereas an aspect ratio of 16.times.9 (i.e., similar to a movie theatre screen) may be used for watching feature films.

[0057] FIGS. 2A and 2B show simplified schematic diagrams of a head-mounted display system 200 in accordance with one embodiment of the present invention. Head-mounted display system 200 may generally correspond to the head-mounted display system described in FIG. 1. Head-mounted display system 200 includes head-mounted device 202 that receives a portable electronic device 204 having a display screen 206. That is, portable electronic device 204 may be coupled to head-mounted device 202 (as shown in FIG. 2B) and removed from head-mounted device 202 (as shown in FIG. 2A). When coupled, portable electronic device 204 is carried by head-mounted device 202, and as a result may be worn on the user’s head.

[0058] Portable electronic device 204 can be, for example, a portable media player, cellular telephone, internet-capable device, personal organizer, any other portable electronic device, or any combination thereof. In one embodiment of the present invention, the portable electronic device 204 can be a device that has the combined functionalities of a portable media player and a cellular telephone, such as an iPhone.TM. sold by Apple Inc. In another embodiment of the present invention, the portable electronic device can be a dedicated media player such as an iPod.TM. sold by Apple Inc. Examples of iPods.TM. include for example the Touch.TM., Nano.TM., Classic.TM., and the like.

[0059] The display screen 206 of the portable electronic device 204 is typically oriented towards the user’s eyes when the head mountable device 202 including the portable handheld device 204 is worn on the user’s head (towards the eyes of the user). As such, the display screen 206 may be used to view content when being worn. In one particular embodiment, the head mountable device 202 does not include its own main display and rather relies on the display 206 of the portable electronic device 204 coupled thereto to provide image based content (thereby reducing redundancies, which can add cost and complexity to the system).

[0060] The head mountable device 202 typically includes a frame member 208. The frame member 208 may be supported on a user’s head in a variety of ways including for example, ear support bars as in glasses, bands as in goggles, helmets, straps, hats and the like. The frame member 208 may have a docking area or mounting region 210 for placement of the portable electronic device 204 relative to the head mountable device 202. The frame member 208 may be configured to support the portable electronic device 202 when it is mounted in the mounting region 210.

[0061] The frame member 208 is typically worn in front of the users face. The mounting region 210 is therefore configured to place the display screen 206 in the correct position for viewing relative to a user’s eyes (e.g., in front of the users eyes as well as some of the distance from the user’s eyes).

[0062] The mounting region 210 may be widely varied. In one embodiment, the mounting region 210 includes a cavity 212. The cavity may for example have walls shaped similarly to the outer shape of the portable electronic device 204. In some cases, the cavity 212 may only include walls that surround multiple but not all sides of the portable electronic device 204 (e.g., at least two sides, three sides, fours sides, five sides,). The cavity 212 may form a void if five sides are used. In other cases, the cavity 212 may include walls on all sides (e.g., six sides). In any of these implementations, the walls may include open areas depending on the needs of the system. Alternatively, the cavity 212 may be formed with corners that match the corners of the portable electronic device 204.

[0063] The manner in which the portable electronic device 204 is placed within the cavity 212 may be widely varied. In one implementation, the portable electronic device 204 may be rotated into the cavity (e.g., by inserting a first end into the cavity 212 and thereafter rotating about the contact point). In another implementation, the portable electronic device 204 may be press fit into the cavity 212 (e.g., by pushing the portable electronic device into the shaped cavity). In yet another implementation, the portable electronic device 204 may be slid into the cavity (e.g., through a slot in one of its sides).

[0064] The head mountable device 202 can include one or more retaining features 214 for helping secure the portable electronic device 204 within the mounting region 210 of the head mountable device 202. The retaining features 214 may for example include doors, tabs, slots, detents, lips, snaps, flexures, friction couplings, clips, latches, catches, and/or the like.

[0065] The frame may include an opening 215 which provides access for viewing the display screen 206 when the portable electronic device is placed within the cavity 212. The opening 215 may be widely varied. In one embodiment it coincides with the shape/dimensions of the display screen 206. In another embodiment, it may be smaller than the shape/dimensions of the display screen 206. In either embodiment, it may include a bezel 216 that covers or overlays select portions of the portable electronic device 204 when the portable electronic device 204 is mounted within the head mountable device 202. That is, the bezel 216, which may be a separate component or a portion of one of the walls, can form or define the viewing region (blocking some of the device housing and/or the display screen). The bezel 216 may for example extend around all or some of the edge of the opening 215. In some cases, the opening 215 may include a transparent window disposed therein.

[0066] Shielding portions of the display screen 206 may be advantageous for enhancing the viewing experience and possibly reducing the energy burden of the portable electronic device (e.g., the shielded display pixels can be turned off). By way of example, the shielding portions may be black. The shielding portion may in some cases form a retaining structure. For example, it may be a fixed wall that forms a lip that covers a front portion of the portable electronic device when it is mounted or it may be a door that swings from an open position allowing the portable electronic device 204 to be inserted or removed and a closed position that locks the portable electronic device 204 in place.

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